Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2018, Page: 36-41
Survey of Septoria Tritici Blotch (Septoria Tritici) of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia
Yitagesu Tadesse, College of Agriculture, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia; Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holleta Agricultural Research Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Alemayehu Chala, College of Agriculture, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Bekele Kassa, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holleta Agricultural Research Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Jan. 3, 2019;       Accepted: Feb. 12, 2019;       Published: Feb. 26, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.bio.20180605.11      View  135      Downloads  34
Abstract
Septoria tritici blotch (STB) is an economically important foliar disease in the major wheat-growing areas of Ethiopia. The current research was conducted to determine the incidence and severity of STB in the central highlands of Ethiopia. A total of 59 wheat fields were surveyed in 27 districts of three administrative zones i.e. South west, west and North shewa zones. The overall mean incidence of STB across the three zones varied from 52 to 75%. Similarly, mean severity ranged from 45 to 83%. Our results also confirmed susceptibility of almost all bread wheat varieties under production in the study area to STB. Current results also suggest the vulnerability of improved wheat varieties to STB although results need to be confirmed with additional studies. The present findings confirmed the importance of STB in Ethiopia.
Keywords
Bread Wheat, Disease Survey, Septoria Tritici Blotch
To cite this article
Yitagesu Tadesse, Alemayehu Chala, Bekele Kassa, Survey of Septoria Tritici Blotch (Septoria Tritici) of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia, American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2018, pp. 36-41. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20180605.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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